About Differential Oil Setup
You can tune the drivetrain of your Escape car to influence the way your car behaves when entering corners and rolling on idle. Keep in mind that regular maintenance and making sure the car functions mechanically as it should are even more important than tuning. Differences in suspension, wheel angles and poor movement of the suspension affect the car’s performance and eliminate the benefits gained with tuning.
Only after you’ve made sure that the chassis and the drivetrain are functioning correctly, you can start tuning the car the way you want. In this article, we’ll discuss differential oils and how they affect your car’s performance.
The diffs have a lubricant grease as default, with which basic steering capabilities are achieved for hobbyist purposes. The diff maintenance should be carried out 2–3 times during the season. In other words, check the condition of the diffs 1–2 months after the first runs of the season and replace the default grease with suitable differential oil. While doing this, also check the condition of the diff seals and replace them if necessary.
The oil’s viscosity will affect the car’s cornering capabilities at different points during cornering. The diff oils have a significant impact on your car’s performance.
The basic set up we recommend is 5000 cSt in the front, 5000 cSt in the center and 3000 cSt in the rear. With this setup, you’ll achieve neutral behavior while cornering and during acceleration when exiting corners. The 5000 cSt oil is thin enough for the car to corner without throttle, but thick enough for steering during acceleration. The 5000 cSt oil in the center makes the car behave neutrally in mid-corner and at the end it allows the power transfer to the front wheels. The 3000 cSt oil is thin enough to allow easy cornering and thick enough for accelerating because it makes the other rear wheel retain traction.
If you want your car to accelerate a little faster when exiting corners and better cornering with throttle, we’d recommend 7000 cSt oil in the center diff. This will change the car’s behavior in mid-corner and when exiting corners.
When driving on high-traction surfaces such as mats, you can use thicker oils for the diffs, for example 7000 cSt in the front, 7000 or 10 000 cSt in the center and 3000 or 5000 cSt in the rear diff. The high-traction surface allows for the use of thicker oils.
Effects of Differential Oil Adjustments
- Increases steering into corners (off-power)
- If oil is too thin the steering may become inconsistent, especially it can lose forward traction (and steering) during acceleration out of corners
- Increases stability into corners during braking
- Increases steering on-power at corner exit
- Front wheels unload more during acceleration
- Easier to drive on rough tracks
- If a high-power engine is used you could waste too much power and sometime “cook” the oil in the center differential because it “overloads”
- More off-power steering
- Better acceleration
- Increases on-power steering (reduces understeer)
- Better suited on high-bite, smooth tracks
- Too thick oil gives more over steer
- Increases cornering traction
- Increases steering into corner
- Decreases rear traction while cornering
- Reduces wheelspin